The forty verses of the Shiva Chalisa
One of the most popular gods from the Hindu panteon, Shiva is worshipped mostly in India, Nepal and Sri Lanka. But his reach extends over the seven continents with his devotees scattered all around the globe. Shiva is one of the three primary gods in the Hindu Trinity, Brahma and Vishnu being the other two.
Another very popular sotra or song dedicated to the great Shiva is the Shiva Chalisa. The name literally means the forty verses dedicated to Shiva. The Shiva Chalisa is an ancient prayer dedicated to the almighty god. When the forty verses are chanted or sung with a dedicated heart it is believed that the great lord will forgive even the most horrific sins. This mantra is ideal for those who wish to attain moksha or liberation and is considered to be the most potent cleanser of bad karma. The Shiva Chalisa is said to have the power to help its chanter lead a happy, fulfilled life free of any kind of tension or chaos.
The Shiva Chalisa is a song or sotra to the great Shiva evoking him, praising him and asking him to remove all obstacles and hardships on the path to fulfillment.
Given below are the English phonetic and the explanation of the Shiv Chalisa.
Jai Ganesh Girija suvan, mangal mool sujan,
Kahati Ayodhyadas tum, deu abhaya vardan.
Hail Lord Ganesh, son of Girija, who is supremely wise and the start of all auspicious events. Ayodhyadas asks you, to grant him the boon of safety and security.
Jai Girijapati deen dayala,
Sada karat santan pratipala.
Hail Girijapati, the ever kind lord,
Whose duty it is tolook after and protect his devotees.
Bhal chandrama sohati neeke,
Kanan kundal nag phani ke.
He has the moon placed upon his forehead,
and in his ears, instead of earrings, he has serpents hanging. coiling around.
Ang gaur shiv ganga banai,
Mundamal tan kshar lagai.
His complexion is fair and he has the divine river, Ganga, flowing from his crown,
A necklace of severed heads sits round his neckand his body is smeared with ash all over.
Vastra khal baghambar sohe,
Chhavi ko dekh nag muni mohe.
He wears the skin of a tiger as a loin clothand his charming view enchants all the sages and serpents.
Maina Matu ki priya dulari,
Bam ang rajat Shiv pyari.
The beloved daughter of Maina, the goddess Parvati, is sitting on his lap on his left side,
She is very dear to the great Shiv.
Kar men soha trishul ati bhari,
Karahi sada shatrun samhari.
In one hand he carries a very heavy trident,
Which he uses to slay his enemies forever.
Nandi Ganesh soh tanha kaise,
Manas madhya kamal hon jaise.
With him stand Nandi and Lord Ganesh,
Looking as beautiful as lotus flowers blooming in Mansarovar lake.
Kartik shyam aur gana rauo,
Ya chhavi barnat bane na kauo.
He has with him dark complexioned Kartikeya and Ganesh,
No one is capable of describing the full spectacle.
Devan jab hee aai pukara,
Tabahin dukh prabhu ap nivara.
Whenever the other gods faced problems and came calling on you,
it was always you who solved their problems and provided them with a solution.
Keen upadrava tarak bhari,
devan sab mili tumhari pukari.
When the demon Tarak wrought havoc,
All the gods got together and called on you.
Turat shadanan ap pathayo,
Luv nimesh mahi mar girayo.
Then you immediately sent Sadanand,
Who, within no time at all, destroyed the demon.
Ap Jallandhar asur sanhara,
Suyash tumhar vidit sansara.
You also slayed the demon Jallandhar,
The whole world knows of your glory.
Tripurasur sang yuddha machayi,
sabahin kripa kari leen bachayi.
By fighting and killing the Demon Tripurasur,
You too pity on everyone and saved the other gods.
Keenha tap Bhagirath bhari,
Purahi pratigya tasu purari.
King Bhagirath had performed a rigorous penance,
Andstanding by your word, you fulfilled his wishes.
Darpa chhod Ganga tab ayee,
Sewak astuti karat sadaee.
Because of this, Ganga left her abode and came down to earth,
And that is why your devotees sing your praise.
Ved naam mahima tav gayaee,
akath anadi bhed nahin payee.
The Vedas have tried to describe the true spectacle of your glory but that is beyond explanation,
It is truly impossible to be able to fathom your full glory.
Pragati udadhi manthan te jwala,
Jare surasur bhaye bihala.
The churning of the sea produced such a dreadful poison,
That which scared both the demons and the gods.
Mahadeva tab kari sahayee,
Neelkantha tuv nam dharayee.
As The Great God, you came to their rescue and drank the poison,
Making your throat blue, and hence you are called Neelkanth
Poojan Ramchandra jab keenha,
Lanka jeet Vibhishan deenha.
When Lord Ram worshipped you,
You gave him victory over Lanka and made him it’s king.
Sahas kamal arpanahi vichari,
Keenha pareeksha tabahi purari.
During this worship, Lord Ram decided to offer you a thousand lotus flowers,
Then to assess his firmness of faith, you decided to test him.
Ek kamal Prabhu rakheu goyee,
Kamal nayan poojan chahin soyee.
Lord, you decided to hide one of the lotus flowers,
Not finding it, Lord Ram substituted his lotus like eye for it.
Kathin bhakti dekhi Prabhu Shankar,
Bhaye prasanna deya icchhit var.
Lord Shanker was pleased with his steadfast devotion,
You granted him the desired boon.
Jai Jai Jai, Ananta Avinasi,
Karat kripa sab ke ghatvasi.
Hail to thee, O Infinite and Indestructible Lord,
Shower your grace on everybody, O Omniscient one.
Dushta sakal mohi nitya satavan,
Bharmita rahe man chain na aven.
I am always troubled by wicked people,
This makes me distressed with no peace of mind.
Trahi trahi main nath pukaro,
Yeh avasar mohi, ani ubaro.
Getting distressed, I pray to you, Lord Shanker,
O Lord, help me in these troubled times.
Lai trishool shatrun ko marau,
Sankat se mohi ani unarau.
Come with your trident and slay my enemies,
And free me from my problems.
Mata pita bhrat sab hoi,
Sankat mein poonchat nahi koi.
Although I have my mother, father, brothers and family,
Yet in times of trouble, nobody offers me help.
Swami ekahi aas tumhari,
Ai harahu sab sankat bhari.
O Lord, you are my only hope,
O Master, please come and take away this heavy burden (problems).
Dhan nirdhan kon det sadaee,
Arat jan ki peer mitaee.
You give wealth to the poor,
And you wipe away their difficulties.
Astuti kehi vidhi karahu tumhari,
Shambunath ab tek hamari.
I do not know of any other way to seek your help from my problems,
Hey, Shambunath, listen to my prayer now.
Shanker ho sankat ke nashan,
Vighna vinasan mangal karan.
Shankar, you are the destroyer of problems,
Please be the root of my happiness and welfare
Yogi yathi muni dhyan lagaye,
Sharad Narad Sheesh navavahin.
All the sages and yogis meditate on you,
Saraswati, Narad and the seers bow in reverence to you.
Namo namo jab namah Shivaye,
Sur brahmadik par na paye.
I now chant your name, “Om Namah Shivaye”,
Neither Brahma not the Gods could fathom your entire glory.
Jo yeh path kare man layee,
To kon hot hain shamboo sahayee.
Whoever reads this prayer with utmost devotion,
Shall definitely be helped by Lord Shamboo, without any doubt.
Putra na ho, ichha kare koi,
Nishchaya Shiv prasad se hoi.
Anybody without a son who prays to you,
Will definitely be blessed with one by Lord Shiv.
Pandit triyodashi ko lave,
Dhyan poorvak hom karave.
The devotees should get a priest to perform a yagna on the 13th lunar day of the fortnight,
And with full attention and devotion, one must pray to Lord Shiv to get their wishes fulfilled.
Triyodashi vrita kare hamesha,
Tan nahi take rahe kalesha.
Whoever fasts on the thirteenth day of the lunar fortnight,
Gets peace of mind and a healthy body.
Dhoop deep naivedya chadhavahi,
Shanker sanmukha path karavahi.
With a lighted lamp, incense and other payer material,
One should worship before an idol of Lord Shiva with full devotion.
Janam Janam ki pap nasavahin,
Antawas shivpur men pavahin.
A devotee of Shiv will have all the sins of all his births wiped away,
And in the end, he will live happily in the kingdom of Lord Shiva.
Hey Shankar hai aas tumhari,
Dukh peera ab harahu hamari.
O Lord Shanker, you are my only hope,
Now please end all my pains and worries.
The original text of the Shiv Chalisa is written in Devnagari. Below is a version of it.
श्रीगणेशगिरिजासुवन, मंगलमूलसुजान।कहतअयोध्यादासतुम, देहुअभयवरदान॥
नित्तनेमकरप्रातःही, पाठकरौंचालीसा।तुममेरीमनोकामना, पूर्णकरोजगदीश॥
मगसरछठिहेमन्तॠतु, संवतचौसठजान।अस्तुतिचालीसाशिवहि, पूर्णकीनकल्याण॥